Location: Uruguay is located SE of South America. Its territory covers an area of more than 176,000 km2. Has boundaries with two countries, S and W with Argentina and N and NE with Brazil. To the S is the Rio de la Plata, and it opens to the Atlantic Ocean.
Uruguay, is a country in South America, located in the eastern part of the Southern Cone.
Population: 3,395,000 (2012) World Bank
Currency: Uruguayan Peso ($)
Official Language: Spanish
Population: Uruguay has 3,344,938 inhabitants. Its population is predominantly of European (88%) origin. Successive waves of immigrants who lived the country have shaped the current population, composed mainly descendants of Spanish and Italian. Followed by a significant number of French, German, Portuguese, British, Swiss, Russians, Poles, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians, Dutch, Belgian, Croatian, Greek, Scandinavian, Armenian and Lebanese, mestizos (8%), and afro- descendants(4%).
Education: Uruguay has the highest rate of education in Latin America. The University system is internationally recognized for their technical and professional graduates, scientists and teachers.
Climate: The weather in Uruguay has the four seasons clearly differentiated by temperature. Temperatures in the winter months vary from -3-12 degrees, while in the summer months between 25-35 degrees.
Religion: The Uruguayan State is secular, with absolute freedom of religion. The main religion is Catholicism, with 47.1% followers, although much of this percentage do not practice it. Approximately 40.4% of the population professes no religion.
Health: Uruguay has a mixed health system (public and private). Human resources are one of the main strong points on health in Uruguay, since according to a Report by the World Health Organization, the country is the second in Latin America with more physicians per capita.
Water Purification: Uruguay is the only Latin American Country that has achieved universal coverage (98%) of access to safe drinking water and adequate water sanitation, with high quality services.
Economic Resources: Uruguay is an agricultural exporter. The major resources of the economy are agriculture: rice, wheat, corn, sunflower, soybean, barley, sorghum, sugar beet; and livestock: cattle and sheep. The main industries are dairy products and paper, cardboard, fertilizers, alcohol, cement and hydrocarbon refining.
The booming tech industry:Uruguay is the largest exporter of software and IT services in Latin America.
Afforestation: In recent years it has grown an importance logging of Eucalyptus grandis and Eucalyptus globulus, overlooking the lumber production and the production of paper pulp.
Another main income of the country is tourism: Uruguay has an extensive coastline on the Rio de la Plata and the Atlantic Ocean, lined with extensive beaches, among which stand out Punta del Este, José Ignacio, La Paloma, La Pedrera and Punta del Diablo. The rural hunting tourism is also important.
Politics: Uruguay is a unitary democratic state, and has presidential character. According to a report published by the British magazine The Economist, is considered the second most fully democratic country in Latin America. It has a consolidated political party system and is the first in Latin America (along with Chile) in the table of countries with lower corruption perception index (prepared by Transparency International). Its government is divided into three independent powers: Executive, Legislative and Judicial.
Gastronomy: Gastronomy of Uruguay has its origin in the Italian and Spanish cuisine, apart from much of Latin American cuisine. The typical food is asado (grilled meat) and the national drink: the mate (prepared with leaves of yerba mate, native to South America precut plant, dried and ground infusion). Animal foods, such as cattle, lamb and pork. Fish and seafood are an important presence in the Uruguayan coast, with very good fresh white fishes. Milk production has very good quality yoghurts, butter, cheese, and “dulce de leche” an important source of exporting.
Music: Music in Uruguay has its quintessential with the “tango” whose greatest exponent is Carlos Gardel. Furthermore, Uruguay boasts rhythms that are currently exclusive as the “candombe” and “murga” having the best feast in “Las LLamadas” during two days (not to be missed).
Art: Uruguayan paintings range from classic Juan Manuel Blanes, considered the Nation’s painter, to the constructivism of Joaquin Torres Garcia and his school. Among the most prominent painters highlights: Rafael Barradas, Carlos Sáez, Petrona Viera, Pedro Figari, Gonzalo Fonseca, José Cuneo Perinetti, Carmel Arzadum, Ernesto Laroche, José Gurvich, Carlos Paez Vilaró and Ignacio Iturria.
Information from: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruguay